Traditional massage originated in the epoch of the Buddha and has existed for more than 2,500 years. The legendary founder of traditional massage and its therapeutic techniques is Doctor Jivaka Komarabhacca, the personal physician of the Buddha and King Bimbisara. Doctor Jivaka’s therapeutic healing abilities were unique and incomparable; his legacy spawned numerous successors and followers who later disseminated these therapeutic techniques globally, including Thailand. Since the traditional therapeutic methods have been introduced in Thailand, they have ever since been developed, enhanced, and made more compatible with the Thai culture. Thus, the traditional therapeutic methods have become a standard component of Thai culture and are still being implemented to this day. During King Rama VII’s reign, the practice of the healing arts was divided into “modern medicine” and “traditional medicine”. Modern medicine is a practice that utilises medical treatment, surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy in treating patients. Conversely, traditional medicine refers to the traditional Thai medical system or, in other words, traditional Thai massage. It is a holistic medical system that takes care of all aspects of the patients’ health. It does not focus on treating patients based on a particular disease or symptoms; instead, it restores and rejuvenates overall health and averts all kinds of diseases, thereby ensuring sustainable health in the long run. The Thai Department of Mental Health has further indicated that traditional Thai massage substantially improves the treatment of depression, leading to a 100% reduction in symptoms with no side effects.